A pelvic ultrasound is generally a non-invasive diagnostic examination that has images that are accustomed analyse organs and structures within the feminine pelvis. A pelvic ultrasound allows quick visualization of the female pelvic organs and structures including the uterus, cervix, vagina, fallopian tubes and ovaries.

Ultrasound scan uses a transducer that sends out ultrasound waves at a frequency too high to be heard. The ultrasound transducer is placed on the skin, and then the ultrasound waves move through the body to the organs and structures within. The sound waves bounce off the organs like an echo and return to the transducer. The transducer processes the waves that get reflected and then convert it using a computer, into an image of the organs or tissues which are being examined.

An ultrasound gel is placed on the transducer and also the skin to permit for smooth movement of the transducer over the skin and to eliminate air between the skin and also the transducer for the foremost effective sound conduction.

Pelvic ultrasound could even be performed using one or both of two methods:

• Transabdominal (through the abdomen). The conductive gel is applied to the transducer before placing on the abdomen.
• Transvaginal (through the vagina). A long, thin transducer is roofed with the conducting gel and a plastic/latex sheath and is inserted into the vagina the sort of ultrasound procedure performed depends on the rationale for the ultrasound. Just one method could even be used, or both methods are additionally needed to supply the information needed for diagnosis or treatment.

What are female pelvic organs?

The organs and structures of the feminine pelvis are:

• Endometrium – the liner of the uterus
• Uterus – The uterus could even be a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in an exceedingly very woman’s lower abdomen, between the bladder so the rectum. It sheds its lining monthly during menstruation, unless a creature (ovum) becomes implanted and pregnancy follows.
• Ovaries – Two female reproductive organs located within the pelvis during which egg cells (ova) develop and are stored and where the feminine sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are produced.
• Cervix – The lower, narrow a part of the uterus located between the bladder so the rectum, forming a canal that opens into the vagina, which finally finishes up within the surface of the body.
• Vagina – The passageway through which fluid passes out of the body during menstrual periods. The vagina connects the cervix and thus the vulva (the external genitalia).
• Vulva – The external portion of the feminine genital organs

What are the explanations for a pelvic ultrasound?

Pelvic ultrasound could even be used for measurement of female pelvic organs. Ultrasound assessment of the pelvis may include the following:

• Size, shape, and position of the uterus and ovaries
• Thickness, echogenicity and presence of fluids or masses within the endometrium, myometrium, fallopian tubes
• Length and thickness of the cervix
• Changes in bladder shape
• Blood flow through pelvic organs

A pelvic ultrasound can provide much information about the dimensions, location, and structure of pelvic masses, but cannot provide a selected diagnosis of cancer or specific disease. Pelvic ultrasound could even be helpful to diagnose and assist within the treatment of the subsequent conditions:

• Abnormalities within the anatomic structure of the uterus, including endometrial conditions
• Fibroid tumors (benign growths), masses, cysts, and other forms of tumors within the pelvis
• Presence and position of an intrauterine preventive (IUD)
• Pelvic disease (PID) and different kinds of inflammation or infection
• Postmenopausal bleeding
• Monitoring of ovarian follicle size for infertility evaluation
• Aspiration of follicle fluid and eggs from ovaries for in vitro fertilization
• Ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy occurring outside of the uterus, usually within the fallopian tube)
• Monitoring fetal development during pregnancy
• Assessing certain fetal conditions

Ultrasound may additionally be accustomed assist with other procedures like endometrial biopsy. There are also other reasons for your doctor to recommend a pelvic ultrasound.


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